Located in the North West region of India, the most striking feature about Amritsar is its antiquity. In Hindi the word Amritsar means 'a Holy pool of nectar' and it was back in the year 1573 that work for digging the Holy pool had begun. One of the ancient cities of India, the most important fact about Amritsar is that it is the main seat of Sikh history and culture. The city itself was founded by the Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das, and till present times it is the spiritual and temporal center of Sikh culture with the Golden Temple in Amritsar as its nucleus.
In depth study about Amritsar reveals the undulating historical experience of the city. From the demolition of the Golden Temple to the tragedy of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Amritsar has seen the worst of situations and yet emerged like a phoenix through testing times. Even recently, Amritsar had fallen prey to the terrorist activities which hundreds of lives.
Amritsar today is a thriving city with active trade and tourism industries. One of the most agriculturally productive cities of India, Amritsar is well connected with most of the important cities of India. Amritsar is the administrative headquarter of the district of Amritsar in Punjab and has a total population of around 1,000,000.
It is easy to be familiar about Amritsar weather as it is divided into four distinct seasons. The winter months, which prevail from the month of November to March, experiences a temperature between 18 °C to -3 °C. April to June are the summer months and the temperature can be as bad as 46 °C. The monsoon and post monsoon season stretches from July to November.
The population of Amritsar comprises of people following different religions, like the rest of the country. However, the majority of the population belongs to the Sikh religion. As registered in the census of 2001, the population in the district of Amritsar is twenty-one lakhs fifty two thousand one hundred and eighty-two.
The total population in the rural areas of the Amritsar District in 2001 has been registered to be ten lakhs fifty thousand one hundred and two. Out of this figure, the population of backward classes is three lakhs fifty-eight thousand five hundred and eighty. According to the census of 2001, the total population of the urban people living in the urban areas of the district of Amritsar is eleven lakhs two thousand and eighty.
Although, the population in the district of Amritsar consists of the people majorly from the Sikh religion, people from other religions also stay in the place. The other religions are equally respected.
The language that the majority of the population of Amritsar speaks is Punjabi. The other languages that are spoken in the district of Amritsar are Hindi, English , Urdu and Maajhi.